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Khabash on Wikipedia

Khabash, also Khababash or Khabbash, resided at Sais in the fifth nome of Lower Egypt in the fourth century BCE. During the second Persian occupation of Egypt (343–332 BCE) he led a revolt against the Persian rule in concert with his eldest son, from ca. 338 to 335 BCE, a few years before the conquest of Egypt by Alexander the Great.[4] It is said that Nectanebo II, the exiled last native ruler of Egypt, may have helped in these events, but he was possibly sidelined for good as a result of the failure of the revolt.[citation needed]

Little is known about Khabash. He is referred to as "Lord of both lands",[5] i.e. King of Upper and Lower Egypt, and as "Son of Ra", another pharaonic title, and given the throne name of Senen-setep-en-Ptah in a decree by Ptolemy Lagides,[6] who became King Ptolemy I Soter in 305 BCE.

Sometime in the 330s BCE, an Egyptian ruler called Kambasuten – who is widely recognized as Khabash – led an invasion into the kingdom of Kush which was defeated by king Nastasen as recorded in a stela now in the Berlin museum. An Apis bull sarcophagus bearing his name was found at Saqqara[7] and dated to his regnal Year 2.[8]


  1. Gauthier, Henri (1916). Le Livre des rois d'Égypte IV. MIFAO. 20. Cairo. p. 139. OCLC 473879272 (here misinterpreted as Cambyses II).
  2. Placed in this dynasty only for chronological reasons, as he was not related to the Achaemenids.
  3. Henri Gauthier, op. cit., p. 196.
  4. Vasunia, Phiroze (2001). The Gift of the Nile: Hellenizing Egypt from Aeschylus to Alexander. University of California Press. p. 266. ISBN 0-520-22820-0.
  5. Records of the Past Being English Translations of the Assyrian and Egyptian Monuments. Adamant Media. 2001. p. 73.
  6. "The decree of Ptolemy Lagides". Archived from the original on 2018-10-04. Retrieved 2007-06-18.
  7. Baedeker, Karl (2000) [1898]. Egypt. Adamant Media. p. 130. ISBN 1-4021-9705-5.
  8. Birch, Samuel (1883). Egypt from the earliest times to B.C. 300. Ancient history from the monuments. Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge. p. 189. OCLC 82441982.

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