Ny-Hor

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Ny-Hor on Wikipedia

Ny-Hor in hieroglyphs

Ny-Hor
Ḥr-nw

Ny-Hor was a possible Pharaoh from the Predynastic Period. His name means "The Hunter".[1] Possibly ruled during 70th century.[2]

Name

Although his interpretation is controversial, it is believed that his Horus name Ḥr-nj / Ḥr-nw means He belongs to Horus / Hunter of Horus.[3]

However, Unlike latter Pharaohs, his serek name does not include a Horus falcon. The exact reason for this is unknown, but it may be because he predates this practice, or that he was not considered a king, as was latter understood. Ni-Hor, Hor-ni, or Ny-Hor

Evidence

Ni-Hors's name appears predominantly on clay and stone vessels found in tombs near Tarchan, and in Tura[4] and Tarjan.[5] and Nagada.

However, evidence of his rule is very poor and its existence is doubted by some of the research and opinion about the actual reading and interpretation of the name are divided. .

  • Some Egyptologists believe that Ny-Hor is an alternative naming for the Pharaoh Narmer.[6]
  • Matthew Flinders Petrie was undecided and due to the improperly executed representation of the character assigned this king and was unwilling to ascribe him as Pharaoh Narmer.[7]
  • Thomas Schneider, Günter Dreyer and Werner Kaiser, on the other hand, consider Ni-Hor to be not Namer as bones found in the graves of Tarchan predate the time in which Narmer live.[8]
  • Egyptologist Ludwig D. Morenz, on the other hand, warns against specifying any concrete option, since the evidence is too tenuous at this time.
File:Map of Pharaoh Ny-hor.png
Map of locations for Pharaoh Ny-hor.

Biography

Very little is known of his rule, and his existence remains controversial.

Horus Ny (Ny-Hor) was a (possible) ruler of Lower Egypt during the pre-Dynastic era who lived, according to tradition, and have reignd around 6800 - 6825 in Nejen and later in Hieracómpolis. Inscriptions of his name come from Tarkhan, Tura and Naqada.

It is assumed that he would have been from a rival dynasty to that of the rulers of Thinis, 350 years before those kings conquered his lands and established Dynasty I.

References

  1. "Ancient Egypt - Dynasty 0". www.narmer.pl. Retrieved 2019-10-06.
  2. "Egypt - Protodynastic Period - 3200 to 3100 BCE". www.soaringweb.org. Retrieved 2019-10-06.
  3. Ludwig David Morenz: Bild-Buchstaben und symbolische Zeichen. Die Herausbildung der Schrift der hohen Kultur Altägyptens (= Orbis Biblicus et Orientalis 205). Fribourg 2004, ISBN 3-7278-1486-1. page 31-32.
  4. Werner Kaiser & Günter Dreyer: Umm el-Qaab - Nachuntersuchungen im frühzeitlichen Königsfriedhof. page. 211–269.
  5. W. Kayser, G. Dreyer: Umm el-Qaab. Nachuntersuchungen im frühzeitlichen Königsfriedhof. 2. Vorbericht, Mitteilungen des deutschen archäologischen Instituts Kairo 38 (1982), p.p. 211-269
  6. Toby: A. H. Wilkinson: Early Dynastic Egypt, London 1999, S. 54, ISBN 0415186331
  7. Toby A. H. Wilkinson: Early Dynastic Egypt - Strategy, Security and Society. Routledge, London 1999, ISBN 0-415-18633-1. page 54.
  8. Werner Kaiser, Günter Dreyer: Umm el-Qaab. Nachuntersuchungen im frühzeitlichen Königsfriedhof. 2. Vorbericht. In: Mitteilungen des deutschen archäologischen Instituts, Abteilung Kairo. (MDAIK) Nr. 38, von Zabern, Mainz 1982. page 211–269.