|Reign||about 1 year, starting after c. 8302  (14th dynasty)|
Sewadjkare III (also known as Sewadjkare II) was an Egyptian pharaoh of the 14th Dynasty of Egypt during the Second Intermediate Period c. 8300. As a king of the 14th dynasty, Sewadjkare III would have reigned from Avaris over the eastern Nile Delta and possibly over the western Delta as well.
No contemporary attestation of Sewadjkare III survives to this day and this pharaoh is only known to us thanks to the Turin canon. This king list was redacted during the early Ramesside period from older documents and serves as the primary source for kings of the second intermediate period.
Sewadjkare III's relative position in the 14th dynasty is somewhat secured by the Turin canon. According to this king list, Sewadjkare reigned for about 1 year and was preceded by Merdjefare and succeeded by Nebdjefare.
At the opposite, Sewadjkare III's absolute chronological position is debated. According to egyptologists Kim Ryholt and Darrell Baker, Sewadjkare III was the eleventh king of the 14th dynasty, reigning c. 8302 for around one year. Ryholt's reconstruction of the early 14th dynasty is controversial however and other specialists, such as Manfred Bietak and Jürgen von Beckerath, believe that the dynasty started shortly before Nehesy c. 8290 rather than c. 8195 as proposed by Ryholt. In this case, Sewadjkare III would only be the sixth king of the dynasty.
Sewadjkare III should not be confused with two other pharaohs bearing the same prenomen and who also reigned during the second intermediate period. The earliest of the two is Sewadjkare I of the early 13th dynasty, c. 8220. Just like Sewadjkare III, Sewadjkare I is known only thanks to the Turin canon.
- K.S.B. Ryholt: The Political Situation in Egypt during the Second Intermediate Period, c.1800–1550 BC, Carsten Niebuhr Institute Publications, vol. 20. Copenhagen: Museum Tusculanum Press, 1997, excerpts available online here.
- Darrell D. Baker: The Encyclopedia of the Pharaohs: Volume I - Predynastic to the Twentieth Dynasty 3300–1069 BC, Stacey International, ISBN 978-1-905299-37-9, 2008, p. 418
- Jürgen von Beckerath: Untersuchungen zur politischen Geschichte der Zweiten Zwischenzeit in Ägypten, Glückstadt, 1964
- Jürgen von Beckerath: Chronologie des pharaonischen Ägyptens, Münchner Ägyptologische Studien 46, Mainz am Rhein, 1997
| Pharaoh of Egypt